Haiku Society of America Educational Resources - College Students

Haiku Society of America Educational Resources

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Educational Resources for College Students

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Haiku Pedagogy & Courses

Haiku in American Higher Education (pdf)
by Randy Brooks

The William J. Higginson Memorial Keynote Address, Haiku North America 2015 Schenectady, New York, October 15, 2015

Today I am going to give you an overview, sort of a dean’s perspective, of all the different approaches to research and teaching haiku currently evident in American higher education. I am giving you a broad perspective of the academic landscape, and then I am going to focus more narrowly on how I teach haiku at Millikin University to undergraduate students. . . . So my question is: what scholarship on haiku is underway in American higher education right now?


Teaching Haiku as Immersion in a Artistic Community (pdf)
by Randy Brooks

Brooks, Randy. "Teaching Haiku in Higher Education: An Immersion into the Living Tradition—the Case of Millikin University." World Haiku Review 1.3 (2001).

The primary goal of my haiku courses are for my students to experience the joys of reading and writing haiku, to appreciate the discipline necessary to achieve excellence in the art, and to understand the historical traditions of haiku as a genre—including its Japanese origins and the major developments of the genre by various Japanese and other haiku writers. My goal is to introduce them to the world of haiku and its aesthetically related poetry—tanka, senryu, haibun, renga and zen poetry. And I want the students to understand what it means to be an active member of the haiku community, a world-wide community of dedicated literary artists devoted to serious artistic development of themselves and haiku as a unique literary genre.


Performance Learning in the Global Haiku Traditions Course (pdf)
by Randy Brooks

Brooks, Randy. "Teaching Haiku in Higher Education: An Immersion into the Living Tradition—the Case of Millikin University." World Haiku Review 1.3 (2001).

Performance learning is often described as students “doing the discipline” which generates confidence and identity as someone who knows how to “do the discipline.” For example, instead of merely studying history, Millikin students conduct historical research and write and present their histories. Through this work for museums, local organizations, and others interested in history, they learn what it means to be an historian. For the Global Haiku Traditions course, I deliberately invite students to join the contemporary international haiku community by reading, writing, editing, sharing and publishing haiku. For a semester my students are immersed in the life of being a haiku poet. I want my students to fully engage in the art of reading and writing haiku—bringing their memories, associations, experiences, and unique perspectives into the public sphere of this social literary art. I want them to be aesthetically serious and to have a lot of fun. For a semester I want them to fall in love with haiku— how it is intended to touch others—what it is like to be immersed and engaged in the necessarily connected literary arts of reading and writing haiku.


Millikin University Haiku (web site)

The Millikin University Haiku web site hosts college student haiku projects, research and publications for students, faculty and the haiku community. This web site is an online learning community forum for publishing haiku studies, for supporting haiku-related scholarship, and for expanding the haiku learning experiences beyond the physical limits of the residential campus. It also includes an archive of haiku written by students in the Global Haiku Traditions course at Millikin from 1999 until now. See the reader response essays written by college students on contermporary haiku authors and issues.


Haiku Finish Line Game (pdf)

The Haiku Finish Line Game was created by a team of Millikin students in a renga writing class in 2011. This is a fun capping-verse approach. All you need is to create a board or path on the floor and a finish line. Students choose a card, read the first part of a haiku, then competitors finish it. Versions are read aloud and the whole group votes or chooses the favorite. Then the original version of the haiku is read and the game continues on. Simple. Fun. Good practice on collaborative leaping. No teams.

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The Art of Reading & Writing Haiku:
A Reader Response Approach

Brooks, Randy. The Art of Reading and Writing Haiku: A Reader Response Approach. Taylorville, IL: Brooks Books, 2019. (pdf for HSA)

In this textbook, I share my students’ journey into the haiku community. I invite you to join this journey as a reader of their original haiku and their reader responses to favorite haiku. I hope the reader responses help spark your own reading and felt imagination of each haiku. May my students’ creative work help you find your own “haiku eyes” during your brief immersion into the haiku community through this book. Welcome to the haiku commu- nity of the Global Haiku Traditions course. Enjoy the many gifts and blessings the art of reading and writing haiku have to offer you. Let the eye-opening begin!

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Millikin University Haiku Anthology

Brooks, Randy & Emily Evans, Melanie McLay, Rick Bearce, Editors. Millikin University Haiku Anthology. Decatur, IL: Bronze Man Books, October 2008. (pdf for HSA)

. . . while reading older haiku anthologies, I come across Harold G. Hender- son’s An Introduction to Haiku, published in 1958. Henderson boldly stated that, “What haiku in English will become will depend primarily on the poets who write them.” When haiku was beginning to arrive in America through poets like Gary Snyder and R.H. Blyth’s translations, Henderson opened the door and challenged all writers to “make this their own.” Haiku was so new we hardly knew what it looked like, or even if it should look like something. The voices in this anthology have heard the call to shape the future of English haiku and have bravely emblazoned a trail through the young experience while bridging tradition and making it up as they go along.

Curiously enough, most of the authors in this anthology were first introduced to haiku in the fourth grade as a dreadful, boring, 17-syllable poem. This was easy: words just needed to fit in the mold and you had yourself a haiku. Elementary school teachers across the nation had whole classrooms of children clapping and counting and writing haiku on the blackboard. Modern haiku was bourgeoning in other communities, while my whole generation was almost lost. We had come to focus only on the syllables of the craft, rather than the moment, or the humanity, or the lightness of the poem. Something had to change . . .
~ Emily Evans, student editorial team

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Recommended Articles & Online Resources

DeVito, Becky. “Writing as Inquiry: How might the practice of writing poetry function as an epistemic tool for poets?” Cambridge, MA: Harvard University (2010). Dissertation. 362 pages. The Haiku Foundation Digital Library. Web. 27 January 2017.

Blasko, Dawn G., and Dennis W. Merski. "Haiku Poetry and Metaphorical Thought: An Invitation to Interdisciplinary Study." Creativity Research Journal 11.1 (1998): 39-46.

Brooks, Randy. “Teaching Haiku at Millikin University.” Riverbed Haiku 1.2 (2008): 35-38.

Brooks, Randy. "Teaching Haiku in American Higher Education." Dust Devils: The Red Moon Anthology of English-Language Haiku 2016. Winchester, VA: Red Moon Press, (2017): 121-146.

Brooks, Randy. "Teaching Haiku in Higher Education: An Immersion into the Living Tradition—the Case of Millikin University." World Haiku Review 1.3 (2001).

DeVito, Becky. “Writing as Inquiry: How Might the Practice of Writing Poetry Function as an Epistemic Tool for Poets?” Harvard University, 2010. Dissertation. 372 pages.

Dufort Shirlee Perazzo. “Haiku Evolutions and a Fresh Rationale for Creating Collaboration, Connection and Community in the College Classroom.” State University of New York at Albany, 2008. Dissertation. 161 pages.

Friedland, Ellie. “Look and Look Again: A Heuristic Inquiry into Education as Awareness.” The Union Institute, 1994. Dissertation. 184 pages.

Gair, Susan. "Haiku as A Creative Writing Approach to Explore Empathy with Social Work Students: A Classroom-Based Inquiry." Journal of Poetry Therapy: The Interdisciplinary Journal of Practice, Theory, Research, And Education 25.2 (2012): 69-82.

Genovese, Pete. “Overview of Japanese Poetry. Asian Studies Instructional Module.” [Syllabus overview available on ERIC: ED407962]. Saint Louis Community College at Meramec, MO, 1997.

Iida, Atsushi. “Developing Voice by Composing Haiku: A Social-Expressivist Approach for Teaching Haiku Writing in EFL Contexts.” English Teaching Forum 48.1 (2010): 28-34.

Iida, Atsushi. "Poetry Writing as Expressive Pedagogy in An EFL Context: Identifying Possible Assessment Tools for Haiku Poetry in EFL Freshman College Writing." Assessing Writing 13.3 (2008): 171-179.

Iida, Atsushi. "Revisiting Haiku: The Contribution of Composing Haiku to L2 Academic Literacy Development.” Indiana University of Pennsylvania, 2011. Dissertation. 216 pages.

Rillero, Peter. “Haiku and Science—Observing, Reflecting, and Writing About Nature.” Journal of College Science Teaching 28.5 (1999): 345-347.

Root-Bernstein, Michele. “Haiku as Emblem of Creative Discovery: Another Path to Craft.” Modern Haiku 41.3 (2010): 16-25.

Stephenson, Kittredge Taylor. “Extending the Writing Paradigm: Is Writing Haiku Poetry Healing?” Texas A&M University, 2009. MA thesis in psychology. 37 pages.

Stephenson, Kittredge and David H. Rosen. “Haiku and Healing: An Empirical Study of Poetry Writing as Therapeutic and Creative Intervention.” Empirical Studies in the Arts 33.1 (2015): 36-60.

Stephenson, Kittredge Taylor. “Haiku, Nature, and Narrative: An Empirical Study of the Writing Paradigm and Its Theories.” Texas A&M University, 2014. Dissertation.

Vakar, Anna. “Some Thoughts on Teaching Haiku in the Schools.” Frogpond 2.3/4 (1979): 11-14.

Wilson, Robert. “An Interview with Professor Randy Brooks.” Simply Haiku 9.2 (2011).

Wyvell, Mary L. “American Haiku: A Classroom Experiment.” Improving College and University Teaching 21.2 (1973): 135-136.

Yahnke, Robert. “Teaching Haiku Poetry in the Humanities Classroom.” Improving College and University Teaching 29.2 (1981): 71-77.

Zolbrod, Leon. “Teaching Haikai: The Case of ‘Peonies Scatter’.” Frogpond 2.3/4 (1979): 32-35.

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Recommended Books

Addiss, Stephen. The Art of Haiku: Its History Through Poems and Paintings of the Japanese Masters. Boston & London: Shambala, 2012.

Amann, Eric. The Wordless Poem: A Study of Zen in Haiku. Toronto, Ontario: The Haiku Society of Canada, 1978. Reprint of 1969 edition, signed.

Brooks, Randy. The Art of Reading and Writing Haiku: A Reader Response Approah. Taylorville, IL: Brooks Books, 2019.

Gilbert, Richard and David Ostman. Earth in Sunrise: A Course for English-Language Study. Winchester, VA: Red Moon Press, 2017.

Higginson, William J. The Haiku Handbook: How to Write, Share, and Teach Haiku. New York: Kodansha International, 1985.

Kondo, Kris. Renku in the Classroom: A Case for Introducing International Renku into College English Classes in Japan. [Reprint monograph from a Japanese magazine.] 1996.

Lanoue, David G. Haiku Guy. Winchester, VA: Red Moon Press, 2000.

Yamaguchi, Tazuo & Randy Brooks, Editors. Haiku: The Art of the Short Poem. Film by Tazuo Yamaguchi on DVD. Decatur, IL: Brooks Books, 2008.

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The Haiku Society of America is pleased to provide resources to those teaching and learning the literary art of haiku. Many of these resources are assessible to a wide range of learners including children. Others have been developed for engagement by specific age groups. Note that the Haiku Sociey of America mentorship program also has several PDF guides to online resources.

Please know that the following web pages provide resources for a specific audience but should NOT exclude anyone from considering resources from any category!


For Haiku Writers

Introductory Workshops
Specific Tecnhiques
Scott Mason - Haiku Course
How-To Haiku Books
Recommended Books to Read


For College Students

Teaching Haiku in Higher Educaiton
Art of Reading & Writing Haiku
Millikin Haiku Anthology
Articles & Online Resources
Recommended Books


For Secondary Students

Workshops & Lessons
Student Haiku Award Collection
Haiku Unit Plan
Haiku Cut Competition
Articles & Online Resources
Recommended Books


For Primary Students

Haiku Unit Plan
Workshops & Lessons
Articles & Online Resources
Recommended Books


Education Resources Web Sites

Haiku Organizaitons & Societies
Haiku Leaders & Teachers
Haiku Podcasts
Haiku Archives & Directories


For Scholars & Literary Criticism

HSA Definitions
Scholar’s Library of Haiku
Frogpond Essays
Frogpond Book Reviews

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