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Frogpond 37.3 • 2014

Museum of Haiku
Literature Award

Haiku & Senryu

Essay - Buson 100


Haiku Sequence


Book Reviews

From the Editors


A Disarmingly Simple Challenge:
The Buson One Hundred

by J. Zimmerman, Santa Cruz, CA
       and Gregory Longenecker, Pasadena, CA

The Buson 100
(complete PDF version)

Here is a sample excerpt from the opening page of this essay:

Yosa Buson (1716–1783) twice began the daily practice of writing ten haiku for a hundred days. He started one series on Buddha’s birthday in 1777 and another in his final year.

Intrigued by Buson’s intention, J. (Joan) Zimmerman started her first Buson One Hundred writing practice on America’s birthday, July 4th, 2013. Finding this practice to be of benefit, Joan presented it to the Yuki Teikei Haiku Society (YTHS) at their annual retreat in November 2013. That led to Gregory (Greg) Longenecker beginning a similar practice, quickly joined by three other haiku poets: Eleanor Carolan, Patricia J. Machmiller, and Phillip Kennedy. The five poets were all experienced in writing haiku. They represented a cross-section from less-known, less-published poets up to well-known and widely published poets. Haiku written by each poet in this practice have been published or accepted for publication.

This article summarizes the benefits and obstacles to the haiku poet of completing a Buson One Hundred. We invite readers to try the practice themselves.

When and Where to Write

after paragraph
winter fly

Patricia J. Machmiller

The strength of the Buson One Hundred writing practice turned out to lie in its simplicity: write ten haiku a day. Keep doing it till a hundred days have passed.

When Joan shared her experiences initially, she gave no other requirements. Therefore the results came from the poets themselves. Each individual had to sort out how, when, and where they would write ten haiku a day, interpreting what Joan told them in their own way and following their own path of self-discovery in writing haiku. By doing this, they found and developed the exercises that allowed them to best complete their daily goal.

[essay continues for several more pages] . . .

. . .

Zimmerman, J. and Gregory Longenecker. "A Disarmingly Simple Challenge: The Buson One Hundred." Frogpond 37.3, Autumn, 2014.

This excerpt inclues the first page of this essay: page 82. The complete essay includes pages 82-91. To read the complete essay, click on the link to the PDF version:

The Buson 100
(complete PDF version)


J. Zimmerman writes widely published haiku, tanka, and haibun. In summer 2014 she was the Poet in Residence at the Cabrillo Festival of Contemporary Music. She was a 2013 New Resonance poet. Recently her haiku were featured at Daily Haiku. She writes articles on the Japanese forms and teaches workshops on tanka. Her poems have been translated into Japanese, Chinese, and German.

Gregory Longenecker is currently editor of the Southern California Haiku Study Group’s annual anthology and has published in Acorn, Atlas Poetica, Bones, bottle rockets, Frogpond, Mariposa, Notes from the Gean, Prune Juice, and tinywords. He has been a prizewinner in the 2013 Haiku Poets of Northern California Haiku Contest, 2012 Tokutomi Haiku Contest, and in the online Shiki Monthly Kukai.